Indonesia Study Group
Date & time
One of the Indonesian government’s programs to reduce inequality is land reform. It has set up an ambitious target of redistributing ownership and control over nearly 22 million hectares of land, or equivalent to 12 per cent of the country’s land area, by 2019. Three quarters of this grand scheme is to occur in the Forest Zone (kawasan hutan). Reform consists of two components: redistribution and certification of land ownership, referred to as TORA, and redistribution of access to forest lands, or Social Forestry. The restructuring of control over land, and of forest land, is important as it is not only a source of wealth, but critically, livelihoods for many people. There are 25 thousand villages in and around the kawasan hutan, with an estimated 10 million people living in poverty. The situation is exacerbated by continued dwindling of forest resources, both in quantity and quality. This research focuses on Social Forestry and only limitedly discusses TORA in so far as it concerns the kawasan hutan. It examines the dynamics of Social Forestry and its potential implications for people and forests, with a case study of Central Kalimantan. There are clearly positive elements that give hope to move forward. However, as experienced by other countries undergoing land reform and Indonesia’s track record in previous similar attempts, enormous challenges remain.
Indonesia Study Group seminars are free and open to the public. No registration is required.