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The study examines the health and well-being of older workers in Indonesia. While prolonging participation in the workforce may help ease the burden of public transfers and family support, it may also take a toll on older workers, particularly those who remain in the workforce due to lack of other means of support. The study uses data from the Indonesia Family Life Survey to document the relationship between labour market participation and a broad range of well-being measures, including self-reported and objective health measures, mental health, and cognition, paying attention to formal and informal work and gender differences. Finally, using the panel dimension of the data, the paper also examines changes in well-being outcomes following changes in labour market participation. The findings show gender differentials in the direction of correlation between labour market participation and well-being. The study discusses the findings by drawing from the literature on job attachment, mental health, and cognition.