COVID-19

Commodity price shocks and the seasonality of civil unrest

Crawford School of Public Policy
Photo by Hugo Ahlenius on Flickr

Event details

ACDE Seminar

Date & time

Tuesday 14 July 2020
2.00pm–3.30pm

Venue

Online via Zoom

Speaker

David Ubilava, University of Sydney

Commodity prices affect income, and can influence civil unrest in conflict-prone low-income countries. Agriculture facilitates employment and food security in these countries, and conflict and violence are often linked to this sector. A farmer may turn into a fighter if income from agricultural production drops; alternatively, a fighter is more likely to extort a farmer when the value of supplies increases. The seasonality of agricultural production may affect the opportunity cost of insurrection and the opportunities for fighters to fund themselves by appropriating farmers’ supplies. Here I investigate the degree to which cereal prices have impacted civil unrest across Africa during 1997-2019. I find that battles (involving governmental forces, rebels, or affiliated parties) are more likely during the pre-harvest season, possibly as a strategic move to appropriate expected returns; while violence by and against civilians is more likely during the post-harvest season, possibly as a consequence or a repercussion of rapacity.

https://anu.zoom.us/j/427393883

Updated:  6 July 2020/Responsible Officer:  Crawford Engagement/Page Contact:  CAP Web Team