I am a civil and environmental engineer, having studied in Barcelona, Paris and Berkeley. In 2008, I moved to Australia, where I worked as a consultant in the water sector until 2014, when I started my PhD.
My area of study is irrigation and economics. More precisely, I am looking at how inequalities in access to water supply may translate into economic disparities within smallholder irrigation schemes. My study is based on six communities in Mozambique, Tanzania and Zimbabwe.
It is understood that there is enough wealth and food to lift everyone out of poverty and hunger. The issue remains distribution. Whilst there is a lot being said about the gap between the “north and south”, and the “super-rich” and the “rest”, there are also remarkable inequalities among people living side–by-side, which yet remain widely overlooked.
Agricultural development is recognised as a key strategy to reduce poverty and promote rural growth. However, the impacts on economic inequality within rural communities are less understood. Typically, traditional, low-technology, irrigation schemes suffer from uneven water distribution, whereby farmers at the head-end receive more water, more often, than those at the tail-end.
Thus, my research focuses on investigating the connection between water supply and economic inequalities, within the context of small-scale irrigation communities in sub-Saharan Africa. Some of the questions I am researching include: How big is the wealth gap within small communities and how does it compare to national levels of inequality? What is the relative weight of inequality caused by farm incomes compared to other factors? Does unequal water supply have an impact on economic inequality? If yes, what are the linking mechanisms? Is it possible to transform economic inequality into an opportunity for development, instead of a vector of social divide?
- Manero, A. 2016 “The limitations of negative incomes in the Gini coefficient decomposition by source”. Applied Economics Letters. DOI 10.1080/13504851.2016.1245828
- Manero, A. 2016 “Income inequality within smallholder irrigation schemes in Sub-Saharan Africa”. International Journal of Water Resources Development DOI: 10.1080/07900627.2016.1152461
- Manero, A. 2016 “Uneven Irrigation and economic inequalities: exploring the connection”. Proceedings of the 2nd World Irrigation Forum, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 6-8 November 2016.
- Manero, A.; Isdory, D.; Bjornlund, H. 2016. “Why equity of irrigation water supply matters for economic equality?”. Proceedings of the 4th African Regional Conference on Irrigation and Drainage, Cairo, Egypt, 27 April, 2016.
- Manero, A; Dalzell, S.; Macfarlane, D. 2010. “Coal Seam Gas and agriculture: a symbiotic relationship? – A Santos GLNG case study”. Proceedings of Irrigation Australia conference, Adelaide, SA, 26 June 2012.
- Manero, A. 2010. “Efficient irrigation: The largest water savings at the lowest cost”. Water Use Efficiency Feature of the Irrigation Australia Journal, Winter 2010. Page 16.
- Manero. A. 2010. “Best water management practices in California, Spain and Australia” Proceedings of IWA Young Water Professional conference, Barcelona, Spain, 14-16 June 2010.
- Manero, A. 2010. “Best Practice in California and Spain and its potential application in Australia.” Proceedings of AWA Ozwater ’10 conference, Brisbane, Qld, 8-10 March 2010.
Scholarships and fellowships
Australian Postgraduate Awards (December 2013)
July 2012 - December 2013: Water Corporation. Perth, Australia. Country water planning engineer
Nov 2011 - June 2012: Santos. Brisbane, Australia. Water planning study leader
Nov 2008 - Nov 2011: MWH Global. Sydney, Australia. Water resources engineer
Sept 05 – July 06: Veolia Environment. Latina, Italy. Hydraulic engineer