Do deliberations enhance good governance and democratic deepening? Does it amplify wellbeing? Answers to such inquiries on deliberative outcomes, which have instrumental implications for activism and public policy, so far has been ‘yes’ mostly normatively. Burgeoning literature suggests multidimensional virtues, and positive outcomes of deliberation for deepening democracy and to addressing democratic deficits. However, only few of them explain deliberative mechanisms and how such virtues are caused by deliberation. In addition, most studies on deliberative democracy comes from advanced liberal democracies of global north. Applying mixed methods and deliberative systems approach, this research aims to further our understanding of deliberative mechanisms.
I begin by proposing an integrated deliberative system framework – by analysing structural and functional, as well as empirical nuances of deliberative system, and previous frameworks – to study deliberative mechanism in general. I then test the proposed framework, and then apply it to investigate deliberative mechanism – focused in the roles and influence of deliberative capacity, social identity, and power dynamics in deliberative outcome. First, I develop and run country-level panel regression models to analyze the conditions influencing deliberative outcomes; I also test hypothesis based on normative theories of deliberative democracy. I then administer interpretive case study in Nepal to further our understanding of deliberative mechanism. Considering local deliberations as cases, I investigate how deliberative capacity of a municipality, and the social identity and power dynamics within deliberative processes, influence its outcomes focused on the dynamics of agenda-formation, and transmissions. I also analyse local policies and investigate deliberative roles of neighbourhoods based organizations in influencing deliberative outcomes.
Crawford School of Public Policy
ANU College of Asia & the Pacific
J.G. Crawford Building No. 132
Stanner 2.32, Lennox Crossing
The Australian National University
Canberra ACT 2601 Australia