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Recent research

Publication type: Policy

Title: Improving National Security Governance: Options for Strengthening Cabinet Control and Parliamentary Oversight

Author(s): Stoltz, W

Excerpt:

Following decades of investment, legislative reform, and structural adaptation to changing threats, Australia’s national security apparatus is now one of the most complex and sophisticated in the world.

Yet, the Parliamentary and ministerial structures for guiding Australia’s national security institutions have evolved surprisingly little.

The result is that Australia’s Parliament and Cabinet face a number of limitations to scrutinising and guiding our security and intelligence organisations.

Date of publication: 2021

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: The heterogeneous impact of tariff and non-tariff measures on total factor productivity on Indonesia firms

Author(s): Krisna Gupta

Excerpt:

Indonesian government has been working hard in engaging with the world market as average tariff keeps on decreasing. However, it seems to rely on Non-Tariff Measures (NTM) rather than tariffs to protect its industries. This paper inspects whether these measures hurt firms by limiting their access to better quality and cheaper foreign inputs. This paper builds on Amiti and Konings (2007) to inspect the impact of trade policy shocks to firm’s Total Factor Productivity (TFP).

Date of publication: 2021

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: Out of communal land: Clientelism through delegation of agricultural tenancy contracts

Author(s): Takashi Kurosaki,Saumik Paul,Firman Witoelar

Excerpt:

Do local institutions influence the nature of political clientelistic exchange? We find a positive answer in the context of a village institution prevalent in Java since the Dutch colonial rule, where democratically elected village heads receive usufruct rights over a piece of communal village land (bengkok land) as a

Date of publication: 2021

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: Irrigation inequality, rice farming productivity and food insecurity in rural Cambodia

Author(s): Budy P. Resosudarmo,Kimlong Chheng

Excerpt:

This paper investigates the impacts of inequality access to irrigation on rice farming productivity as measured by rice yield and revenue per hectare and on food insecurity among rice farmers in rural Cambodia. Using our own household survey administered in 2014 to 251 rice farming households in 32 rural villages in four provinces, we show that better irrigation access, particularly reservoir, dike, or canal irrigation, provide households with significantly higher rice production and revenue.

Date of publication: 2021

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Publication type: Policy

Title: Data-Driven Technology and National Security: Enhancing Government Collaboration with the Private Sector

Author(s): Gordon, A

Excerpt:

In this Policy Options Paper, Alasdair Gordon — CEO of Ecosse Global — argues that to harness rapid advances in machine learning, data analytics, automation and related data-driven technologies, Australia’s intelligence and security community must broaden and deepen partnership with the private sector.

Date of publication: 2021

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Publication type: Policy

Title: Parliamentary Submission: The Protection of Freedom of Speech

Author(s): Stoltz, W,Mortensen, J

Excerpt:

Dr William Stoltz and Dr James Mortensen, of the ANU National Security College, have made a public submission to inform Parliament’s consideration of proposed amendments to the Australian Constitution in relation to the protection of freedom of speech.

The submission outlines the national security considerations pertinent to the proposed amendments.

The views conveyed in this submission are those of the authors alone and should not be taken to represent an institutional position on behalf of the ANU National Security College, nor The Australian National University.

Date of publication: 2021

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Publication type: Policy

Title: A Techno-Diplomacy Strategy for Telecommunications in the Indo-Pacific

Author(s): Curtis, L,Rasser, M

Excerpt:

This paper – authored by Lisa Curtis and Martijn Rasser from the Center for a New American Security – argues that the Quad has an opportunity to shape the telecommunications ecosystem in the Indo-Pacific so that key 5G and undersea cable infrastructure are more secure, resilient and open. The authors recommend that a concrete techno-diplomatic strategy – developed in partnership between Australia, the United States, India and Japan – will be key to ensuring that the future of the Indo-Pacific is free and open.

Date of publication: 2021

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Publication type: Policy

Title: This Connection is Secure: A 5G Risk and Resilience Framework for the Quad

Author(s): Kuehn, A,Ray, T

Excerpt:

In the latest paper from the QTN series, the authors – Andreas Kuehn and Trisha Ray from the Observer Research Foundation – argue that the Quad countries need to devise effective ways to jointly manage risk and strengthen resilience of 5G components, domestic and foreign networks and global supply chains.

Date of publication: 2021

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