Recent research

Participants of the Belt and Road international forum, May 2017

Publication type: Policy

Title: One belt, one road, many rules-based orders

Author(s): Sussex, M,Clarke, M.

Excerpt:

Key points:

  • The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is both a blueprint for a China-centric order in the Indo-Pacific and a means to address internal economic and political challenges.
  • China is not yet capable of leading that order, but its desire to do so is increasing.
  • Prospects for the long-term success of BRI are uncertain, but it will shift regional economic and strategic relationships.
  • Policy flexibility is vital for Australia to successfully navigate the regional changes caused by China’s gamble on BRI.

Policy recommendations:

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Early release

Title: An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure—universal health coverage to strengthen health security

Author(s): Clark, Geoff; O'Dwyer, Michael, Chapman, Ysanne and Rolfe, Benjamin

Excerpt:

The Sustainable Development Goal 3 targets aim to ensure that individuals achieve universal health coverage and that the capacity of countries, to identify early warnings, implement risk reduction plans and to respond and manage national and global health risks including emerging infectious diseases outbreaks is strengthened. Funding for the achievement of these outcomes can be erratic and weak healthcare systems do not cope well with the vagaries of fluctuating economies.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Early release

Title: Strategic culture and Indonesian maritime security

Author(s): Arif, Muhamad and Kurniawan, Yandry

Excerpt:

Strategic culture plays a significant role in shaping current practices of maritime security in Indonesia. Rooted in the history and experiences of the military and the state itself, Indonesian maritime strategic culture shapes the perceived roles and responsibilities of the Indonesian primary and most capable maritime security agency, the Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Laut.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: Bribery, democracy and their impact on governance and welfare: The case of rural India

Author(s): Raghbendra Jha,Hari K Nagarajan,Anirudh Tagat

Excerpt:

Participation in welfare programs, administered by local government (Panchayats) is a significant source of consumption expenditure for households in rural India. In the context of imperfect local governance, we hypothesize that access to such programs may be limited, thus creating incentives for households to bribe in order to gain access. Using a 10-year panel dataset, we jointly estimate determinants of bribes, participation in welfare programs, and consequent change in economic welfare of households. We show that bribing does improve program participation and thence

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Published

Title: Hijacking Adat recognition through the establishment of New Customary Community Council in Papua, Indonesia

Author(s): Dewi, Rosita

Excerpt:

Papuan supporters of the Special Autonomy Law hoped that it would become an instrument to ensure their right to equality through the respect and recognition of their unique identity. This recognition facilitated the blossoming of an adat institution called the Papua Customary Council (Dewan Adat Papua). This institution is an important representative of Papuan. However, it was opposed to the Special Autonomy Law, and several of its members have closed relations with the Council of Papua Presidium (Presidium Dewan Papua), which supports the pro-independence movement.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Published

Title: Sustainable development in four East Asian countries' agricultural sectors post-World War II: measuring nutrient balance and estimating the environmental Kuznets Curve

Author(s): Moriwaki, Shota

Excerpt:

The purpose of this study is to measure agricultural waste and estimate the environmental Kuznets curve in four East Asian countries using time series data from the 1960s to the 2010s. Positive nutrient balance (NB) suggests there is pressure on arable land, causing water pollution and greenhouse gases. For crop farming, only China’s NB per arable land unit (NBAL) has risen recently, while NB per product (NBP) in all four countries has declined. Regarding livestock farming, NBAL in all countries except Japan has risen.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Published

Title: Contemporary Thailand–Japan economic relations: what falling Japanese investment reveals about Thailand's deep, global competition, state in the context of shifting regional orders

Author(s): Hartley, Ryan

Excerpt:

This article centres on the nature of the Thai state amid a shifting global economic environment, examining it through the lens of foreign direct investment and specifically Japan’s declining foreign direct into the kingdom since 2015. It posits that the Thai state is neither a liberal democracy nor a liberal capitalist model and is instead akin to a deep and global competition-oriented state.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Early release

Title: Reforming Australia's superannuation tax system and the age pension to improve work and savings incentives

Author(s): Ingles, David and Stewart, Miranda

Excerpt:

Australia’s retirement income system combines private and public provision for old age. Retirees rely on private (but highly regulated) superannuation saving that attracts large tax concessions; a public, means-tested age pension; home ownership; and other private savings. Despite recent changes intended to make the system fairer and more fiscally sustainable, Australia’s retirement income system still lacks coherence, produces inequitable outcomes and creates high effective tax rates on work and saving.

Date of publication: 2017

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