Recent research

Publication type: Early release

Title: Awareness about minimum support price and its impact on diversification decision of farmers in India

Author(s): Aditya, K.S.; Subash, S.P.; Praveen, K.V.; Nithyashree, M.L.; Bhuvana, N. and Sharma, Akriti

Excerpt:

In this article, we have analysed farmers’ awareness about Minimum Support Price (MSP) and its impact on diversification of crops grown in India. We used nationally representative data collected by National Sample Survey Office, 70th round data. The data revealed that only 23.72 and 20.04 per cent of farmers in the rural agricultural households in India are aware of MSP of crops grown by them in kharif and rabi season, respectively.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Published

Title: New Zealand's ICT Strategy: the respective roles of senior and middle management in promoting collaboration and innovation

Author(s): Jones, Suzanne and Hooper, Tony

Excerpt:

The global financial crisis of 2007–08 encouraged governments to exploit information and communication technologies. The New Zealand government responded by developing an Information and Technology Strategy to 2017. This investigation surveyed middle managers awareness of the Strategy, the level of collaboration and innovation they engaged in and what they considered the barriers and enablers to be. These data were triangulated with the perceptions of senior public officials.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Published

Title: The nature of public policy processes in the Pacific Islands

Author(s): Aiafi, Potoae Roberts

Excerpt:

What is ‘policy’? Where is it coming from? Who is formulating it and how? What are the characteristics of existing policies? These questions concern the nature of (public) policy processes in any context. This article addresses these questions for the Pacific islands. It draws on empirical evidence from a research to show the nature of the policy processes in Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, Samoa and key regional intergovernmental organisations. Policy processes have remained heavily top-down, shaped significantly by political and external interests; society has been the neglected element.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Published

Title: Hijacking Adat recognition through the establishment of New Customary Community Council in Papua, Indonesia

Author(s): Dewi, Rosita

Excerpt:

Papuan supporters of the Special Autonomy Law hoped that it would become an instrument to ensure their right to equality through the respect and recognition of their unique identity. This recognition facilitated the blossoming of an adat institution called the Papua Customary Council (Dewan Adat Papua). This institution is an important representative of Papuan. However, it was opposed to the Special Autonomy Law, and several of its members have closed relations with the Council of Papua Presidium (Presidium Dewan Papua), which supports the pro-independence movement.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Published

Title: Sustainable development in four East Asian countries' agricultural sectors post-World War II: measuring nutrient balance and estimating the environmental Kuznets Curve

Author(s): Moriwaki, Shota

Excerpt:

The purpose of this study is to measure agricultural waste and estimate the environmental Kuznets curve in four East Asian countries using time series data from the 1960s to the 2010s. Positive nutrient balance (NB) suggests there is pressure on arable land, causing water pollution and greenhouse gases. For crop farming, only China’s NB per arable land unit (NBAL) has risen recently, while NB per product (NBP) in all four countries has declined. Regarding livestock farming, NBAL in all countries except Japan has risen.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Published

Title: Contemporary Thailand–Japan economic relations: what falling Japanese investment reveals about Thailand's deep, global competition, state in the context of shifting regional orders

Author(s): Hartley, Ryan

Excerpt:

This article centres on the nature of the Thai state amid a shifting global economic environment, examining it through the lens of foreign direct investment and specifically Japan’s declining foreign direct into the kingdom since 2015. It posits that the Thai state is neither a liberal democracy nor a liberal capitalist model and is instead akin to a deep and global competition-oriented state.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Early release

Title: Reforming Australia's superannuation tax system and the age pension to improve work and savings incentives

Author(s): Ingles, David and Stewart, Miranda

Excerpt:

Australia’s retirement income system combines private and public provision for old age. Retirees rely on private (but highly regulated) superannuation saving that attracts large tax concessions; a public, means-tested age pension; home ownership; and other private savings. Despite recent changes intended to make the system fairer and more fiscally sustainable, Australia’s retirement income system still lacks coherence, produces inequitable outcomes and creates high effective tax rates on work and saving.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Published

Title: Impacts of late school entry on children's cognitive development in rural Northwestern China—does preprimary education matter?

Author(s): Qihui Chen

Excerpt:

This article estimates the causal effect of primary school entry age on children’s cognitive development in rural northwestern China, using data on nearly 1,800 primary school aged children from the Gansu Survey of Children and Families. Instrumental variable estimates, exploiting the discontinuity structure in children’s school entry age around the enrolment cut-off date, indicate that a 1-year delay in school entry reduces children’s scores on a cognitive ability test administered when they were aged 9–12 by 0.11–0.16 standard deviations (of the distribution of test scores).

Date of publication: 2017

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