Recent research

Publication type: Working paper

Title: Aging, depression, and non-communicable diseases in South Africa

Author(s): Manoj K Pandey,Vani S Kulkarni,Raghav Gaiha

Excerpt:

This is the first study that offers a comprehensive analysis of depression among the old (60+ years) in South Africa. By using an analytical framework that builds on the (sparse) extant literature and a new dataset extracted from the four waves of the South African National Income Dynamics Study (2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014), we examine factors contributing to depression of people in this age cohort.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: Manufacturing exports from Sri Lanka: opportunities, achievements and policy options

Author(s): Prema-chandra Athukorala

Excerpt:

This paper examines Sri Lanka’s experience with manufacturing exports expansion, placing emphasis on opportunities and policy priorities in a rapidly changing global context in which global production sharing has become the prime mover of cross border production and trade. There is compelling evidence that liberalization reforms initiated in 1977 helped transform the classical export economy of Sri Lanka inherited from the colonial era into a one in which in which manufacturing plays significant role. Were it not for the civil strife and inconsistent macroeconomic policies that adversely

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Journal Article

Title: How could Nautilus Minerals get a social licence to operate the world's first deep sea mine?

Author(s): Filer, C,Gabriel, J

Excerpt:

It is now twenty years since people began to debate the question of how mining companies could show that they possessed a ‘social licence’ for industrial activities that are known to have significant environmental and social costs. Amongst those who believe that the concept has some significance beyond the realm of corporate propaganda, there has been a growing tendency to treat it as something that has to be obtained from local communities who bear most of these costs, and therefore have to be convinced that the costs are outweighed by the benefits.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Journal Article

Title: Overcoming societal addictions: What can we learn from individual therapies?

Author(s): Costanza, R,Atkins, P,Bolton, M,Cork, S,Grigg, N,Kasser, T,Kubiszewski, I

Excerpt:

Societies, like individuals, can get trapped in patterns of behavior called social traps or “societal addictions” that provide short-term rewards but are detrimental and unsustainable in the long run. Examples include our societal addiction to inequitable over-consumption fueled by fossil energy and a “growth at all costs” economic model. This paper explores the potential to learn from successful therapies at the individual level. In particular, Motivational Interviewing (MI) is one of the most effective therapies.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Journal Article

Title: Indirect Tax Reform and Fiscal Federalism in India

Author(s): Jha, R

Excerpt:

This chapter underscores the substantial spatial disparities across India and evaluates the case for putting together (various versions) of the Goods and Service Tax (GST) and also indicates the risks involved in the process. This chapter argues that, on balance, there is a case for an appropriately constituted GST but that the federal transfer formula must be sensitive to any fallout from such a move. The chapter also argues that there is an urgent need to review the totality of transfers from the central to state governments and local bodies. This review would

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Journal Article

Title: Assessing global resource use and greenhouse emissions to 2050, with ambitious resource efficiency and climate mitigation policies

Author(s): Hatfield-Dodds, S,Schandl, H,Newth, D,Obersteiner, M,Cai, Y,Baynes, T,West, J,Havlík, P

Excerpt:

Achieving sustainable development requires the decoupling of natural resource use and environmental pressures from economic growth and improvements in living standards. G7 leaders and others have called for improved resource efficiency, along with inclusive economic growth and deep cuts in global greenhouse emissions. However, the outlooks for and interactions between global natural resource use, resource efficiency, economic growth and greenhouse emissions are not well understood.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Journal Article

Title: Exploring Evergreening: Insights from Two Medicines

Author(s): Moir, H

Excerpt:

Litigated pharmaceutical patents are a valuable source of data on how much inventiveness is required for a patent grant and what are the costs of patents. Although innovation is central to economic growth and the competitiveness of firms, there are few data about either the cost of granted patents or the quantum of inventiveness required for a patent. Two cases of litigated pharmaceutical patents allow investigation of two types of secondary ‘evergreening’ patents—new formulations and closely related chemical variants.

Date of publication: 2016

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Publication type: Journal Article

Title: Building a better trade model to determine local effects: A regional and intertemporal GTAP model

Author(s): Ha, P,Kompas, T,Nguyen, H,Long, C

Excerpt:

Intertemporal CGE models allow agents to respond fully to current and future policy shocks. This property is particularly important for trade policies, where tariff reductions span over decades. Nevertheless, intertemporal CGE models are dimensionally large and computationally difficult to solve, thus hindering their development, save for those that are scaled-down to only a few regions and commodities.

Date of publication: 2016

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