Recent research

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Publication type: Publications

Title: Strategic Submarines and Strategic Stability: Looking Towards the 2030s

Author(s): Norman Friedman

Excerpt:

In his characteristically uncompromising fashion, Norman Friedman combines deep expertise with candid assessments. He poses a striking challenge to the notion that an era of transparent oceans is ahead, and makes a case for the continued role of SSBNs in contributing to strategic stability, while acknowledging the limitations and uncertainties. A future volume in this series will carry forward the debate with contributions from multiple authors offering specific perspectives on national SSBN programs, technologies and strategies.

Date of publication: 2019

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HMAS Canberra and USS Fitzgerald

Publication type: Publications

Title: It's time for a "Quad" of Coast Guards

Author(s): David Brewster

Excerpt:

The so-called Quad group of Indo-Pacific maritime democracies – Australia, India, Japan, and the United States – is a valuable grouping, although it is still underutilised in many ways.

By David Brewster

This modest proposal could help bring stability and security to the Indo-Pacific, without the military fanfare.

Date of publication: 2019

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Publication type: Journal Article

Title: Indo-Pacific Visions: Giving Solidarity a Chance

Author(s): Professor Rory Medcalf

Excerpt:

Many countries have articulated Indo-Pacific frameworks for regional security. The Indo-Pacific is being posited as a counter to a China-centric view of regional order under the Belt and Road Initiative. Critics of the concept argue that it is new and artificial, unlike the established Asia-Pacific; it is a U.S. ploy to “contain” China; the Indo-Pacific is too large and vague a region to provide the basis for a strategy; and the multiplicity of Indo-Pacific views from different countries highlights an inability to cooperate in handling Chinese power and U.S.-China tensions.

Date of publication: 2019

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: Digitalization and the performance of micro and small enterprises in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Author(s): Anna T. Falentina,Budy P. Resosudarmo,Danang Darmawan,Eny Sulistyaningrum

Excerpt:

The world is going digital. Little is known about how this digitalization affects the performance of micro and small enterprises, one of the major foundations of the economy in developing countries but with relatively low productivity. This paper examines the causal impact of internet utilization, as a part of digitalization, on enterprise performance. We conducted a field survey among micro and small enterprises in Yogyakarta, the densest micro and small enterprise population province in Indonesia.

Date of publication: 2019

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: Global production networks and the evolution of industrial capabilities: Does production sharing warp the Product Space?

Author(s): Russell Thomson,Prema-chandra Athukorala

Excerpt:

Do production capabilities of countries evolve from existing capabilities or emerge de novo? The Product Space approach developed by Hidalgo, Klinger, Barabási & Hausmann (2007) postulates that a country’s existing industrial structure largely determines its opportunities for industrial upgrading. However, this is difficult to reconcile with the export dynamism of many developing countries such as Thailand, Malaysia, Costa Rica and Vietnam that transformed from primary commodity dependence to exporters of dynamic manufactured products.

Date of publication: 2019

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: Domestic value added, exports and employment: An input-output analysis of Indonesian manufacturing

Author(s): Prema-chandra Athukorala ,Arianto A. Patunru

Excerpt:

The paper is motivated by the current emphasis on the share of domestic value added in exports (SVEX) as a policy criterion for export development strategy in developing countries. Our hypothesis is that, the policy emphasis on SVAD, which harks back to the import substitution era, is not consistent with the objectives of achieving economic growth with employment generation in this era of economic globalisation.

Date of publication: 2019

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: Does export performance improve firm performance? Evidence from Indonesia

Author(s): Deasy Pane ,Arianto A. Patunru

Excerpt:

‘Learning-by-exporting’ hypothesis suggests that once a firm enters a foreign market, its productivity will increase thanks to the exposure to new knowledge and experience abroad. We test this hypothesis using Indonesia’s firm level data from 2000 to 2012. The methodology involves scrutinizing the learning process of exporters by incorporating ‘export age’ – the number of years engaged in exporting activities – as an explanatory variable in the model. We find that exporter’s total factor productivity increases with export age, but not linearly.

Date of publication: 2019

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: Assimilation of rural-urban migrants under a less restrictive internal migration policy: Evidence from Indonesia

Author(s): Rus’an Nasrudin,Budy P. Resosudarmo

Excerpt:

This paper provides new evidence on how a relatively open internal migration policy can influence migrant assimilation outcomes. We revisit the findings of previous studies on international labour migration in developing countries by investigating the economic consequences of moving people from rural areas to four Indonesian cities in which international migration is relatively free. The empirical investigation uses cross-sectional and individual-level panel data techniques.

Date of publication: 2019

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