March 2007 Edition
In this Issue
RESEARCH AND IMPACT NEWS
Researcher Focus: Luca Tacconi
Luca is currently researching decentralisation processes in the forest sector in Indonesia in collaboration with the Center for International Forestry Research with a grant from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. The aim of the project is to understand how the decentralization of natural resources influences the sustainability of resource management and rural development.
Luca is also working on a new book on global aspects of forest governance. This research will contribute to an increased understanding of how governance in the forest sector can be improved in order to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and biodiversity loss while benefiting rural livelihoods in developing countries. Luca notes that his research could have significant impacts because “…deforestation, occurring mostly in tropical countries, is the second largest source of emissions of greenhouse gases after energy production and there is very limited understanding about how to improve forest governance.”
Luca makes sure that his research and knowledge contribute to improved natural resource management by providing advice to governments and non-government organizations. His latest assignment is with the United Nations Development Programme and involves advising the Government of Mauritius on strategic budgeting for environmental management. Luca is also a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of WWF Australia.For further information on Luca and his work, please consult: http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/staff/ltacconi.php
The following Australian Research Council awards for projects beginning in 2007 were made in November 2006 totalling over $1.3 million for the Crawford School for the next three years.
Prof R. Quentin Grafton, Dr Tom Kompas with Dr Tony Smith (CSIRO
Prof John Uhr
Prof Jenny Corbett, Prof Christopher Findlay (Uni Adelaide)
Last year, Sharon Bessell and Judith Ennew (University of Cambridge) co-authored Child Labour Workbook: Rights-Based Situation Analysis, Data Collection and Report Writing. The Workbook provides researchers with a guide to undertaking policy-oriented research on child labour within a human rights framework. Sharon and Judith are now working towards establishing a global database of situation analyses based on the workbook. Sharon is undertaking situation analyses in Indonesia and Fiji, while Monira Ahsan (a Crawford PhD scholar) is undertaking an analysis in Bangladesh. Situation analyses are also in progress in Thailand, Morocco, Portugal and Scotland. Discussions are currently underway with the UK-based Child Labour Network (hosted by the University of London) with the aim of including more researchers and more countries in the development of the global database.
In 2006, Sharon prepared a report for the ACT Department of Housing, Disability and Community Services entitled ‘Right, Respect and Responsiveness: What Children in the Care and Protection System want from a Charter of Rights’. Based on consultations with children and young people in the foster care and refuges, the report discussed the problems identified by this group and included a series of recommendations. The report was well received by the Department and Sharon is now facilitating a series of workshops and high-level consultations with policy-makers and service providers, aimed at determining how the report’s recommendations might be implemented.
Satish Chand gave a talk entitled ‘Supporting sustainable employment growth in PNG’ at the PNG-Australia Business Council Meeting on Monday 19 March.
Bruce Chapman is continuing work on the Income Contingent Loans for Public Policy: Applications to Child Care, Paid Maternity Leave and R & D Financing project (ARC Learned Academies’ Grant) with Tim Higgins and Glenn Withers
He presented the Edward Shann Memorial Lecture, ‘Government as Risk Manager: Income contingent loans for social and economic progress’ at the University of Western Australia in September, 2006. In November he was invited to address the National Union of Students 20th Anniversary Dinner in Sydney. He delivered an invited address, ‘Income contingent loans for the UK’ to the British House of Commons Education Steering Committee, British High Commission, Canberra, in November, 2006.
He presented a keynote address, ‘Financing Thailand Higher Education’, to the Thai Government conference, Student Loans for Thailand, Bangkok, Thailand, February, 2007. Later in February, he presented a keynote address, ‘Income contingent loans: lessons from the colonies’ to the Russell Group, Bristol, England.
Jenny Corbett has given several interviews with ABC radio and TV on the new administration of the new Abe government and developments in the Japanese economy. She was also Interviewed by the Nihon Keizai Shimbun for a special feature on the performance of the financial supervisory agency. Jenny has become an advisor to METI on the establishment of an Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia and subsequently a member of the Steering Committee for ERIA.
Jenny was invited to take part in conference to discuss establishment of EISMAP, a proposed initiative to improve understanding and data on sustainable development, initiated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan.
She presented an invited paper at a conference on Building the Institutional and Financial Foundations of Economic Growth and Integration in East Asia, Bangkok and at an international conference on IT and the Financial System at Hitotsubashi University. She was an invited discussant of paper by Prof R McKinnon on ‘Should China follow Japan’s exchange rate strategy’ at the Osaka Institute for Public Policy (OSIPPS), Osaka University.
She was interviewed for the ABC program Rear Vision on the significance of the Australia-Japan Commerce Treaty of 1957, ‘Trading with the enemy’ on February 25, 2007. Podcast at http://www.abc.net.au/rn/rearvision/
Jenny has been awarded a commendation by the Foreign Minister of Japan for contributions to Australia-Japan relations.
Peter Drysdale hosted the East Asia Forum Advisory Board meeting 15 February. He made a presentation at the Department of the Treasury Planning Day on APEC, on 16 February. On 22-23 February he took part in the ANU-MOF Conference in Bangkok.
He also took part in the East Asian Bureau of Economic Research (EABER)-Japanese Cabinet Office Meeting on 26 February and the EABER-Nikkei Public Forum, 27 February, both of which were held in Tokyo. In March he joined the EABER- China Development Research Foundation (DRF) meeting in Beijing.
Quentin Grafton was recently appointed Deputy Chair of the ANU Water Initiative to assist the ANU to move forward on training and research in the area of water at a national level.
In February he organised (with the assistance of Maree Tait and Sally Carlin) an international meeting of experts that was entitled 'Sustaining Global Fisheries' that took place in Bellagio, Italy and was funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. As part of the preparation and follow up for this meeting, he has formed the Pisces Forum which is an international group of scientists, managers and policy makers dedicated to using evidence and research based insights to help sustain the world's fisheries. On February 2 he presented a paper entitled 'Water Markets and Salinity' at the UNSW CAER Conference, Choices for Salinity Mitigation.
On 4 December he presented a paper (co-authored with Deborah Peterson) at Parliament entitled 'Water Trading and Pricing' as part of a National Conference entitled 'Delivering the National Water Initiative: The Social and Industry Dimensions'. In February (along with Jeff Bennett and Tom Kompas) Quentin became a co-editor of the Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
Nick Gruen has been writing op ed articles and continuing his research on climate change risk management policy for governments, exporting of financial services and ‘cutting the red tape burden’.
Timo Henckel gave lecture on exchange rate theory and policy for the Treasury in August 2006 and between September and January 2007 taught the course ‘Introductory Economics for the Treasury’.
He was a discussant at the NBER Conference in Tokyo in September. He was also a discussant at the ANU/MOF conference in Bangkok in February. In November and early December 2006 he presented at the Pacific Islands Updates in Brisbane, Sydney, Canberra and in Port Vila and Luganville, Vanuatu.
Yusaku Horiuchi received a research grant from the Zengin Foundation for Studies on Economics and Finance (Japan, with Jun Saito, from February 2007– March 2008) for his research on economic consequences of unequal political participation.
His paper (‘Political institutions and distributive politics in Japan: Getting along with the Opposition’) won the J. G. Crawford Award (Australia-Japan Research Centre; for the best paper published in 2006 that makes substantial and original contribution to scholarship on Japan or on Australia-Japan relations) in December 2006.
Yusaku was interviewed by the Canberra Times about his recent paper (‘Spinning the globe? U.S. public diplomacy and foreign public opinion’ with Benjamin E. Goldsmith) and an article was subsequently published (Visit to Make Matters Worse: ANU Expert) in February.
He gave a keynote address (‘Essential training for good political scientists: A personal opinion’) for the international symposium, Towards Strengthening the Global Networks of Young Researchers in Politics and Legal Science, held at Nagoya University (Japan) on 24 February 2007. He organised a conference on public diplomacy in Japan and the Asian Pacific on 6 March 2007. To provide a framework for the conference, Mr Richard Woolcott (former secretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia) and Professor Shinichi Kitaoka from the University of Tokyo (former Japanese ambassador to the United Nations) gave keynote addresses on the role of public diplomacy.
Yusaku’s article (‘The presidency, regionalism and distributive politics in South Korea’ with Seungjoo Lee) was accepted for publication by Comparative Political Studies and his article (‘Designing and analysing randomised experiments: Application to a Japanese election survey experiment’ with Kosuke Imai and Naoko Taniguchi) has also been accepted for publication by the American Journal of Political Science.
All papers are available from Yusaku’s new website (www.horiuchi.org).
Tom Kompas presented a paper entitled, ‘An optimal surveillance measure against Foot and Mouth Disease in the United States’ at the Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society Meetings in Queenstown, New Zealand in February 2007, at the School of Economics, University of New South Wales, March 2007 and at the EDGES conference held at the ANU in November 2006.
Tom set 'Maximum economic yield' management targets for the Australian Northern Prawn and South East fisheries as part of his work with the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and the Australian Fisheries Management Authority.
Peter Larmour will be on study leave at the East West Center in Honolulu from March –May 2007, starting work on a book on Corruption, Culture and Politics in the Pacific Islands. The book is for a series to be published by the University of Hawaii Press on current issues in Pacific politics. The book will be looking at what counts as corruption in the region, at the difficulties of drawing a line between corruption and everyday democratic politics, and at the downside of populist anti-corruption campaigns (such as those being conducted by the coup leaders in Fiji).
He is also working with Luis de Sousa and Barry Hindess on two edited books coming out of their ARC project on ‘Transparency International and the Problem of Corruption’. The first, called The New Integrity Warriors compares state and NGO action against corruption, mainly around the periphery of the European Union. The second called Corruption: Expanding the Boundaries looks at the history of ideas about corruption. The first is at the stage of being reviewed by a publisher. The second is still being edited.
Ben Bingham, Deputy Director of the Asia Department at the International Monetary Fund, is due to arrive in March as a visiting fellow at the Crawford School to work with Suiwah Leung on a book about the impact of globalization on the Mekong economies. In addition, she was invited by AusAID to participate in a small team to review Australia’s aid program to Vietnam for the past five years, and to advise on the program for the next five years. The aid effectiveness review was completed in mid-March.
Amy Liu’ s joint paper with Lixin Cai (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, University of Melbourne) on ‘Union wage effects in Australia: Are there variations in distribution?’ was presented at the Australian Labour Market Research Workshop on 8 February 2007 at the University of Melbourne.
Andrew MacIntyre had several principal research undertakings during this period: winning a grant of $6million over an initial three years to support the Australia-Indonesia Governance Research Partnership, co-organising a multi-author project on the political economy of East Asia 10 years after the crisis with a conference at UC Berkeley, and co-organising the Indonesia Update conference and the ensuing volume coming from it. Other activities during this period included a leading role in the US-Australia Leadership Dialogue, a review of AusAID’s governance strategy in Indonesia, leading the LAFIA program in the Pacific, co-organising the GovNet annual conference, and giving guest lectures at Treasury, AusAID, the Commonwealth Association for Public Administration and Management, and chairing the Pacific Update conferences in Sydney and Canberra.
John McCarthy presented at the International Conference on Sustainable Growth in the Asia Pacific Region Towars Establishment of an Economic Research Mechanism for Information sharing and Collaboration in Kyoto in November. He spent December in Indonesia carrying out work for a research consultancy funded by ACIAR and entitled ‘Building inclusive multi-stakeholder systems for po-poor natural resources governance: Avoiding elite capture of forestry decision-making and benefits’.
John Uhr was interviewed on ABC Radio 666 about ministerial ethics on 27 February 2007. He was also interviewed on 13 March 2007 on ministerial ethics by the World Today, ABC radio (see transcript at www.abc.net.au/worldtoday), and on SBS radio news. An interview with Andrew Fraser, including quoted comments was published in The Canberra Times on 16 March 2007.
David Vanzetti presented an invited paper, ‘Reviving the WTO negotiations on agriculture’ at the 51st AARES Annual Conference, Queenstown, New Zealand, 13-16 February. The paper was prepared with Ralf Peters. He also presented a paper entitled , ‘Chicken Supreme: How the Indonesian Poultry Sector can Survive Avian Influenza’ at the same conference. He co-athoured with Anna Strutt, Allan N. Rae and John Young 2007 a paper entitled, ‘Quota constraints on New Zealand's agricultural exports: Modelling alternative reforms’ which was also presented at the AARES Annual Conference.
Glenn Withers has recently commenced work on two ARC funded projects. One is “The Partnership State”, which looks at the mutual obligation and risk-sharing principles increasingly reflected in public policies (with Bruce Chapman and Tim Higgins). The other is “A New Economic History of Australia”, re-interpreting Australia’s development through human, social and institutional capital explanations, contrasting this with other Anglo-American democracies, and looking at messages for present and future policy settings.
Glenn has been preparing a report for the Council for the Federation (Premiers and Chief Ministers) on ‘Our Federal Future’ (with Sydney University constitutional lawyer Anne Twomey) and a chapter for a CEDA publication on ‘Competing from a Distance’.
He was recently appointed Chair of the Menzies Harvard Scholarship Committee and a member of an ACT Skills Commission Working Party (along with Bruce Chapman). Another recent role is Project Leader for an ANU/University of Canberra/Bhutan Government Collaboration across postgraduate coursework degree development in public administration, and PHD and joint academic research projects.
Shiro Armstrong has been awarded the 2007 Peking University Research Study Grant. The award is managed through RSAPAS. It will cover over two months research in Beijing based at the China Economic Research Center at Peking University.
Thang Nam Do and Jeremy Cheesman, EMD students presented papers based on their theses at the 2007 Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Conference held in Queenstown New Zealand.
Jiro Okamoto’s thesis has been passed, with minor amendments.
Tony Prasetiantono and Marayat Samootsakorn have been admitted.Nguyen Quang Ha, Waris Mughal, Ryo Ochiai, Xuehong Wang, Kate Golebiowska and Alistair Davey have submitted their theses.
On 15 March, ten postgraduate students from the Crawford School contributed to the World Bank’s efforts to combat corruption and improve governance. In collaboration with students from Hitotsubashi University (Tokyo) and Wharton School (Philadelphia) via a virtual videoconference, Crawford students from Indonesia, Thailand, South Africa, Timor Leste, China, Australia, Fiji and Samoa developed a number of recommendations for a World Bank plenary session that was in progress on the same day in Brussels.
The Global Development Learning Network (GDLN) facilitated the videoconference, in which the World Bank Institute tasked student groups to explore the potential for establishing Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) to fight corruption and improve governance in developing countries. To do this the participants role-played the stakeholder groups of civil society, the private sector and government.
Role-playing the government, Crawford School students considered two questions
Students quickly realised that as government they were potentially one of the biggest barriers to any anti-corruption effort. After much discussion, students scoped one of the few measures that might force governments to adopt anti-corruption measures, this being pressure from its citizens/civil society. Crawford students developed persuasive reasons for why it was in a government’s interest to facilitate the strengthening of civil society by granting access to international organisations and NGOs. One of the group’s three recommendations called for domestic governments to support international organisations and NGOs efforts to resource the establishment of an international toll-free anti-corruption hotline where citizens could report corruption observed in their own countries. These calls would be managed and investigated by an independent institution. Such an institution would also implement education campaigns to ensure citizens were aware of the new pathway for citizens to report corruption and could name and shame people engaged in corrupt activities. The hotline has an added benefit, in that it would also generate data on corruption from a civil society perspective that could assist further research.The GDLN exercise was a valuable experience. Many Crawford participants stated that corruption is a problem for them personally in their respective countries, with a majority of them also saying that corruption affects their daily lives. As a result of these personal experiences with corruption, the recommendations developed and provided to the World Bank are likely to provide useful policy inputs. Crawford participants would like to thank GDLN for involving them in the global dialogue, and also hope that their intellectual efforts will assist the World Bank to stimulate private sector participation in the fight against corruption in developing countries.
Chapman, B., 2006. Government Managing Risk: Income contingent loans for social and economic progress, Routledge, London, 260 pp
–––, ‘Income contingent loans for higher education: International reform”, in Eric Hanushek and Finis Welch (eds), Handbook on the Economics of Education, North-Holland.
–––, (with David Greenaway), ‘Learning to live with loans: Policy transfer and the funding of higher education’, The World Economy, 29:7.
–––, (with Matthew Gray), ‘Recent labour market issues for indigenous Australians’,, Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 9:1:5-16.
–––, (with Matthew Gray), ‘Response to Breusch and Gray’, Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, 31: 1-2:127-138.
–––, (with Ric Simes), ‘Profit contingent loans for social community investment projects in disadvantaged regions’, Public Policy, 1 (2): 93-102
–––,’Government as risk manager: HECS and other public policy applications’ , Academy of the Social Sciences Occasional Paper Series, Canberra.
–––, 2007. ‘Tinkering with HECS won’t change students’ choices’, The Age Opinion, February.
Corbett, J., 2007. ‘Democractic partners’ in Australia-Japan: Friendship and Prosperity, Focus Publishing, pp 32-49.
Fox, K.J., Grafton, R.Q., Kompas, T and N. Che. (2006) 'Capacity Reduction, Quota Trading and Productivity: The Case of a Fishery', The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 50, pp. 189–206
Grafton, R.Q., Kompas, T. and Pham, P.V., 2006, ‘The economic payoffs from marine reserves: Resource rents in a stochastic environment’, Economic Record 82, No. 259: 469-480.
Grafton, R.Q., Nelson, H.W. and Turris, B., 2007. ‘How to solve the Class II Common Property Problem? The Case of British Columbia's multi-species groundfish trawl fishery; in .T. Bjorndal, U. R. Sumaila, D.V. Gordon and R. Arnason (eds), Advances in Fisheries Economics, Blackwell Publishing.
Henckel, T., 2006. ‘ Vanuatu’s economy: is the glass half empty or half full?’, Pacific Economic Bulletin, 21: 3:1-20.
Kompas, T. and Che, T.N., 2006. 'Economic profit and optimal effort in the Western and Central Pacific Tuna Fisheries', Pacific Economic Bulletin, 21, 46-62.
Larmour P., 2006. 'Civilizing techniques: Transparency international and the spread of anti-corruption', in B. Bowden and L. Seabrooke (eds) Global Standards of Market Civilization, Routledge, London and NY, pp 95-106.
–––, 'Culture and corruption in the Pacific Islands: Some conceptual issues and findings from studies of national integrity systems’, POGO Working Paper 06-05.
plus a contribution to the 2006 Crawford Policy Paper on Corruption and Anti Corruption called 'Diagnosing the disease of corruption: what different disciplines say about curing corruption'. Impact wise, that was referred by name in a Sydney Morning Herald leader on the AWB scandal on 4 12 06 headlined 'Monopoly Discretion and accountability'.
Larmour, P. and Barcham, M., 2006. 'National integrity systems in small Pacific Island states', Public Administration and Development, 26, pp 173-184.
Liu, Amy Y.C., 2006. 'Changing wage structure and education in Vietnam 1993-1998: The roles of demand’, Economics of Transition, 14(4): 681-796.
Nguyen, Q.C., 2006. ‘Responses to poverty and risk in Vietnam: How effectively does the current public safety net target vulnerable population?’, World Bank Institute, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, Washington, pp 51-67.
Oslington, P., 2006. The Theory of International Trade and Unemployment, Edward Elgar
Reilly, B., 2006. Democracy and Diversity: Political Engineering in the Asia-Pacific , Oxford University Press.
–––, 2006. 'Political engineering and party politics in conflict-prone societies', Democratization, December.
–––, 2007. 'Political engineering in the Asia-Pacific', Journal of Democracy, January
Tacconi, L., (ed.), 2007. Illegal Logging: Law Enforcement, Livelihoods and the Timber Trade, Earthscan Publications, London.
Tacconi, L., 2007. ‘The problem of illegal logging’, in: Tacconi, L. (ed.) Illegal Logging: Law Enforcement, Livelihoods and the Timber Trade, Earthscan Publications, London.
–––, 2007. ‘Verification and certification of forest products and illegal logging in Indonesia’, in Tacconi, L., (ed.), Illegal Logging: Law Enforcement, Livelihoods and the Timber Trade, Earthscan Publications, London.
–––, ‘Illegal logging and the future of the forest’, in: Tacconi, L., ( ed.), Illegal Logging: Law Enforcement, Livelihoods and the Timber Trade, Earthscan Publications, London.
Trewin, R., Clougston, R. and Bosworth M., 2006. ‘Would emergency safeguard measures work for services? , Asia-Pacific Economic Literature, 20(2), Crawford School and Blackwell.
Trewin, R, 2007. ‘Resource-based industry and development of the AAANZFTA’, International and Developments Economics Working Papers, 07-03, Crawford School
Trewin, R. and Scollary, R., 2006. ‘Australia and New Zealand bilateral CEPs/FTAs with ASEAN countries and their implications on the AANZFTA’, REPSF Project No. 05/003, available at www.aadcc_repsf.org/publications.html
Uhr, J., 2006. ‘Appropriations and the legislative process’, 17 Public Law Review, 173-177.
–––, ‘Constitutions and rights’, in B.G. Peters and J. Pierre (eds), Handbook on Public Policy. Sage.
–––, ‘The performance of Australian legislatures in protecting rights’, in T. Campbell, J. Goldsworthy, and A. Stone (eds), Protecting Rights without a Bill of Rights. Ashgate 41-59.
–––, ‘Bicameralism’, in R. Rhodes, S. Binder and B. Rockman (eds), Handbook of Political Institutions. Oxford University Press, 474-494.
–––, 2007. ‘Politicians should be accountable for their perks’, The Canberra Times, 28 February.
–––, ‘Media misses Henry’s message’, Public Sector Informant, The Canberra Times, 6 March.
Ward, M, 2006. ‘Search, bioprospecting and biodiversity conservation’,
–––, 2007. ‘Mercury advisories: Information, education, and fish consumption’,
Withers, G., 2006. ‘The economics and regulation of broadcasting’, in Gillian Doyle (ed.), The Economics of the Mass Media, The International Library of Critical Writings in Economics Series, Edward Elgar.
Working Papers Series :
Asia Pacific Economic Papers
Policy and Governance Discussion Papers
|March 2007 Edition|