How much agricultural land does it take to make space for one kilometre of high-speed rail track? Evidence from China

Crawford School of Public Policy | Arndt-Corden Department of Economics

Event details

ACDE Seminar

Date & time

Tuesday 09 July 2019
2.00pm–3.30pm

Venue

Seminar Room 1, Crawford School of Public Policy, #132 Lennox Crossing, ANU

Speaker

Yuri Mansury, Department of Social Sciences, Illinois Institute of Technology

Contacts

Ross McLeod, Seminar Convener

Expanding the rapid-transit network has become a key strategy to quickly transport large numbers of people between major population centres in China, but little is known about how the High Speed Rail (HSR) undertaking has altered the course of rural development and the spatial distribution of economic activity. This study estimates the effect of HSR network expansion on agricultural land, finding that while new HSR infrastructure may not have contributed directly to arable land depletion, HSR contributes directly to land confiscated for urban construction. Comparison between central cities and those elsewhere shows a substantial land grab in eastern and western cities directly attributable to HSR network expansion, which is conspicuously absent in central China. HSR also has measurable indirect effects on the rate of land conversion mediated by urbanisation, but only in western cities. The study concludes by considering the implications for food security and the dynamics of rural-urban disparities.

Updated:  9 December 2019/Responsible Officer:  Crawford Engagement/Page Contact:  CAP Web Team