Paul Wyrwoll's picture

Paul Wyrwoll



Masters in Environmental and Resource Economics, ANU (2010)
B.Ec.(Hons.)/B.A., UWA (2006)

Contact details

Paul Wyrwoll is an environmental and resources economist at the Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University. His PhD research focuses on regulatory design for multipurpose hydropower reservoirs under risks associated with climate variability, water insecurity, and energy transitions. His other research interests include: the design and application of agricultural water pricing; the economics of pumped hydropower storage; and the resilience of social-ecological systems under risks and uncertainty.

Paul is a member of the Food, Energy, Environment and Water (FE2W) Network ( that works with decision-makers on understanding and addressing risks and trade-offs across food, energy, environmental, and water systems.

Previously, Paul was General Manager of the FE2W Network and Managing Editor of the Global Water Forum (www.globalwaterforum), an online resource publishing concise, open-access articles from leading researchers on water governance, policy, and science. Prior to beginning his PhD, he worked at the International Centre for Environmental Management, Hanoi on climate change, food security, water management, and biodiversity conservation in countries of the Lower Mekong Basin. He has also worked in groundwater management in the mining industry in Western Australia.

PhD programme


Topic title

Water pricing for hydropower regulation

Topic description

This research examines the regulation of multipurpose reservoirs operated by profit-motivated hydropower companies. Hydro-economic modelling is used to evaluate alternative regulatory regimes for allocating water across energy production and irrigation. The efficiency of water allocation is estimated for a case study reservoir under water pricing and fixed irrigation quotas. Analyses of risks associated with water insecurity and energy transitions provide general insights into the appropriate application of either price- or quantity-based regulatory instruments. The research also examines the incorporation of intertemporal opportunity costs into water pricing and the trade-offs generated by price stability controls. In addition, the research shows (i) why flexible regulatory instruments are required to ensure that multipurpose hydropower reservoirs can sustainably provide both energy services and water services, and (ii) how to develop and implement water management reforms through participatory methods.


Decision-Making for Systemic Water Risks: Insights From a Participatory Risk Assessment Process in Vietnam, Earth’s Future, with Grafton, R.Q., Daniell, K.A., Hoang, L.C., Ringer, C., Le, T.H.L., Dang, K.K., Do, N.T. and Nguyen, D.A.T. (2018) [Journal article]
Responding to Global Challenges in Food, Energy, Environment and Water: Risks and Options Assessment for Decision-Making, Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, with Grafton, R.Q., McLindin, M., Hussey, K., et. al. (2016) [Journal article]
‘Global Water: Issues and Insights’, ANU Press, with Grafton, R.Q., White, C. and D. Allendes (2014), [Book]
‘Asia’s Environmental Problems: Common Causes and Possible Solutions’, in Moving Toward a New Development Model for East Asia - The Role of Domestic Policy and Regional Cooperation. Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia. 2013. [Book chapter]
‘Climate Change Mitigation and Green Growth in Developing Asia’. Asian Development Bank Institute. ADBI Working Paper 369, with Stephen Howes. 2012.
‘Asia’s Wicked Environmental Problems’. Asian Development Bank Institute. ADBI Working Paper 348, with S. Howes. 2012.
A Dictionary of Climate Change and the Environment: Economics, Science, and Policy. Edward Elgar: UK, with R.Q. Grafton, H. W. Nelson, and N. R. Lambie, Cheltenham. 2012. [Book]
‘India’s Groundwater Crisis’. Global Water Forum, Australian National University. GWF Discussion Paper 1228. 2012.
‘Nordhaus, Stern, and Garnaut: The Changing Case for Climate Change Mitigation’. Centre for Climate Economics and Policy, Australian National University. CCEP Working Paper 1107, with S. Howes and F. Jotzo. 2011.

Scholarships and fellowships

Australian Postgraduate Award

Employment history

Food, Energy, Environment and Water (FE2W) Network, (2014 - 2016)
General Manager

International Centre for Environmental Management, Vietnam (2012-2013)
Environmental Economist

Global Water Forum, UNESCO Chair in Water Economics and Transboundary Water Governance, ANU (2011-2016)
Managing Editor

Development Policy Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, ANU (2011-2012)
Research Economist

Crawford School of Public Policy, ANU
Course Tutor
2014: Domestic Climate Change Policy and Economics (CRWF8014)
2012: Environmental Economics (IDEC8053), International Climate Change Policy and Economics (CRWF8006)

Personal links

Mailing address

Crawford School of Public Policy
ANU College of Asia & the Pacific
J.G. Crawford Building No. 132
Lennox Crossing
The Australian National University
Canberra ACT 0200 Australia

Updated:  16 October 2019/Responsible Officer:  Crawford Engagement/Page Contact:  CAP Web Team