Economic corridors and regional development: The Malaysian experience

Vol: 
2017/14
Author name: 
Prema-chandra Athukorala
Suresh Narayanan
Year: 
2017
Month: 
November
Abstract: 

This paper examines prerequisites for a successful inter-state economic corridor development program in a country with a federal system of government through an in-depth study of the design, implementation and the developmental impact of the Northern Corridor Economic Region (NCER) in Malaysia that encompasses the states of Penang, Kedah, Perak and Perlis. The analysis suggests that the NCER has the potential to leverage on the core strengths of the state of Penang──global connectivity, mature business eco-system with a strong presence of multinational enterprises, and sizeable talent pool──in order to redress the widening inter-regional and urban-rural development divide. However, so far the achievements have not matched the expectations primarily because of an inherent institutional limitation of the program: failure to constitute the Northern Corridor Implementation Authority (NCIA) with adequate power and operational flexibility to achieve the overarching goal of shared growth while ensuring compliance from all stakeholders.

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